Research article
Hubungan panjang bobot dan faktor kondisi kerang lumpur Anodontia edentula, Linnaeus 1758 di pulau Tobea Kecamatan Napabalano, Kabupaten Muna

Under a Creative Commons license

Abstract

Penelitian dilakukan di Pulau Tobea dengan tujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan panjang-bobot dan faktor kondisi kerang lumpur. Data dianalisis untuk mengetahui hubungan panjang-bobot kerang lumpur dianalisis dengan menggunakan persamaan hubungan kuasa (power regresion) (Ricker, 1975) dan uji-T sedangkan faktor kondisi dengan menggunakan Metode Condisional Factor (CF) (King, 1995). Hasil analisis hubungan panjang-bobot kerang lumpur jantan digambarkan melalui persamaan W=0,0001.L3,366, dengan nilai korelasi (r=0,8559). Hasil uji-t koefisien b>3, dengan harga t=5,4053, diperkuat dengan hasil uji sigF=0,00<0,05, berarti bahwa antara laju pertumbuhan panjang dan bobot total kerang lumpur jantan tidak seimbang, yang bersifat alometrik positif atau alometrik mayor. Untuk kerang lumpur betina digambarkan melalui persamaan W=0,0001.L 3,381, dengan nilai korelasi (r=0,8865). Hasil uji-t koefisien b>3, dengan harga t=7,0811, diperkuat dengan hasil uji sig F=0,00<0,05 hal ini bahwa antara laju pertumbuhan panjang dan berat total kerang lumpur betina tidak seimbang, yang bersifat alometrik positif atau alometrik mayor. Hasil analisis condisional faktor (CF) kerang lumpur jantan, rata-rata sebesar 1,0319 (kisaran 0,4025-1,6613), kerang lumpur betina rata-rata sebesar 1,0203 (kisaran 0,4780-1,5625).  Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor kondisi antara jantan dan betina rata-rata sebesar 1 yang berarti bahwa berat rata-rata kerang contoh lebih besar dibanding dengan berat rata-rata prediksi. Hal ini diakibatkan oleh kondisi lingkungan yang cukup baik dalam mendukung pertumbuhan kerang lumpur.

Keywords

Panjang bobot
Faktor kondisi
Kerang Lumpur
Anodontia edentula
Pulau Tobea

Funding Information

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia

Declarations

License and permission

Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Publisher's Note

Sangia Publishing remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Ethical approval acknowledgements

No ethical approval required for this article.

Competing interest

No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.

Supplementary files

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study, and/or contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

References (1)

Brusca, R.C. and GJ. Brusca. 2002. Invertebrata. Saunderland, Sinauer Associated. Inc Publishers. New york. 645-769p.

Carpenter, K.E. and V.H. Niem. 1998. Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purpose. The Living Marine Resources of The Western Central Pacific Volume I, Seaweeds, Corals, Bivalves, and Gastropods. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. Rome. 250p.

Cichon, M.F. 2006. Imbaw: An abstract-bibliography, college of fisheries and ocean sciences library U.P. in the Visayas. Philippines. http://fish.bibl.org/imbaw/search.php/cichon.htm [Serial On Line]

Cosel, R.V. 2006. Taxonomy of tropical West African bivalves. VI. Remarks on Lucinidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia), with description of six new genera and eight new species. Zoosystema 28(4): 805-851.

Effendie, M.I. 1997. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Utama. Yogyakarta. 163p.

Fowler, J. and L. Cohen. 1992. Practical Statistics for Field Biology. John Wiley and Sons. Chichester. Singapore.

King, M. 1995. Fisheries Biology Assesment and Management; Second Edition. Blackwell Publishing. India. 400p.

Latale, S.S. 2003. Studi Pendahuluan Ekplorasi Sumberdaya Anodontia edentula Pada Perairan Pantai Desa Passo Teluk Ambon Bagian Dalam. Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan Universitas Pattimura. Ambon. 58 hal.

Lebata, M.J.H.L. 2000. Elemental sulfur in the gills of the mangrove mud clam Anodontia edentula (Family Lucinidae). Journal of Shellfish Research 19(1): 241-245.

Lebata, M.J.H.L. 2001. Oxygen, sulphide and nutrient uptake of the mangrove mud clam Anodontia edentula (Family : Lucinidae). Marine Pollution Bulletin 11(42): 1133-1138.

Lebata, M.J.H.L. and J.H. Primavera. 2001. Gill structure, anatomy and habitat of Anodontia edentula; evidence of endosybiosis. Journal of Shellfish Research, 20(3): 1273–1278.

Ludwig, J.A. and J.F. Reynolds. 1988. Statistical Ecology; A Primer on Methods and Computing. John Wiley and Sons. Interscience Publish. Canada.

Milarez, C.E. 2005. Sex Ratio, Spawning Periodically and Sexual Dimorphism of The Mud Clam “imbaw”, Anodontia edentula, Linnaeus, 1758, from Nueva Valencia, Guimaras Island. B.S. Biology, University of Philippines, Visayas, Ilo-ilo. 37p.

Moore, J. 2006. An Introduction to the Invertebrate; Second Edition. Cambridge University Press. New York. 338p..

Morton, B. 1983. The Molusca. Volume 6; Ecology Mangrove Bivalvia. Academic Press, Inc. Orlando, New York. pp 77 – 130.

Meyer, E., B. Nilkerd, E.A. Glover and J.D. Taylor. 2008. Ecological Importance of Chemoautotrophic Lucinid Bivalves in a Peri-Mangrove Community in Eastern Thailand. National University of Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No.18; 41-55.

Natan, Y. 2008. Studi Ekologi dan Reproduksi Populasi Kerang Lumpur Anodontia edentula Pada Ekosistem Mangrove Teluk Ambon Bagian Dalam. Disertasi. Program Studi Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 179 hal.

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. Bivalves (Acephala, Lamellibranchia, Pelecypoda), pp 123-362. In Carpenter, K.E and V.H. Niem. 1998. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of The Western Central Pacific 1. Seaweeds, Corals, Bivalves and Gastropods. Rome. 686p.

Primavera, J.H., M.J.H.L. Lebata, L.F. Gustilo, and J.P. Altamirano. 2002. Collection of the clam Anodontia edentula in mangrove habitats in Panay and Guimaras, central Philippines. Journal Wetland. Mgt. 10(5). 363-370.

Ricker, W.E. 1975. Computation and Interpretation of Biological Statistics of Fish Populations. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 19:91-382p.

Rochmady. 2011. Aspek Bioekologi Kerang Lumpur Anodontia edentula Linnaeus, 1758 di Perairan Pesisir Kabupaten Muna. Tesis. Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar.

Rochmady, Andy Omar, S.B., Tandipayuk, L.S., 2011a. Perbandingan Karakter Morfometrik Kerang Lumpur Anodontia edentula Linnaeus, 1758 di Pulau Tobea dan Pesisir Lambiku, Kecamatan Napabalano, Kabupaten Muna. Makalah Ilmiah pada Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan (PIT) VIII Ikatan Sarjana Oseanologi Indonesia (ISOI) pada tanggal 25-27 September. Makassar. Hal 119.

Rochmady, Andy Omar, S.B., Tandipayuk, L.S., 2011b. Analisis Perbandingan Pertumbuhan Populasi Kerang Lumpur Anodontia edentula Linnaeus, 1758 di Perairan Kepulauan Tobea dan Lambiku, Kecamatan Napabalano, Kabupaten Muna. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Maluku Utara. AGRIKAN Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis dan Perikanan, 4(2): 14-21.

Sjafaraenan. 2011. Pengaruh Konsumsi Daging Kerang Semele sp. Terhadap Kadar Estradiol Pada Wanita Perimenopause. Disertasi. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Hasanuddin. Makasaar.

Taylor, J.D. and E.A. Glover. 2000. Functional anatomy, chemosymbiosis and evolution of the Lucinidae. Geological Society, London, Special Publications; 2000; v.177; 207-225; http://sp.lyellcollection.org/cgi/content/abstract/177/1/207].

Taylor, J.D. and E.A. Glover., 2004. Systematic revision of Australian and Indo-Pacific Lucinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia): Pillucina, Wallucina and descriptions of two new genera and four new species. Records of the Australian Museum 53(3): 263–292.

Taylor, J.D. dan E.A. Glover., 2007. Diversity of chemosymbiotic bivalves on coral reefs: Lucinidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of New Caledonia and Lifou. Zoosystema 29(1): 109-181.

Bibliographic Information

Verify authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article as:

Rochmady, R., 2012. Hubungan panjang bobot dan faktor kondisi kerang lumpur Anodontia edentula, Linnaeus 1758 di pulau Tobea Kecamatan Napabalano, Kabupaten Muna. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 5(1): 1-8. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.5.1.1-8
  • Submitted
    17 March 2012
  • Revised
    5 November 2017
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    16 May 2012
  • Issue date
    13 May 2012
  • Discipline(s)
    Perikanan dan Kelautan
  • Sub-Discipline(s)
    kerang lumpur; Anodontia edentula;

Keywords

Rochmady  Rochmady

RochmadyRochmady, Pusat Studi Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha, Sulawesi Tenggara 93600, Indonesia. rochmady@stipwunaraha.ac.id, orcid Orcid Profile, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

Available online since October 2017

View full text

Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Comments on this article
By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.