Research article
Model empowerment of nutmeg farmers through the diffusion process of innovation diversification of nutmeg commodity (Myristica fragrans Houtt) in Ternate City (Case study in Ngade and Marikurubu Villages)

Under a Creative Commons license


This study purpose to find an effective empowerment model in the innovation diffusion activity of nutmeg commodity diversification in Ternate City. The sample used was 30 respondents. The data obtained for this study consisted of two sources, namely primary and secondary data. The analysis used in this research is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis. Based on the results of the study showed that the model of farmer empowerment through the diffusion of effective diversification innovations in Marikurubu Village and Ngade Village, Ternate City, North Maluku Province requires several variables including Human Resources Variables consisting of Extension Officers and Farmers. greatly affect other variables. Then followed by process variables including Material and Media, where the material most desired by respondents was Processed Balm using the help of infocus media. The output that will be produced is a change in the knowledge, attitudes and skills of respondents in implementing materials about processed nutmeg products to be empowered and able to compete in the market.


Nutmeg Farmers
Innovation Diversification


License and permission

Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Publisher's Note

Sangia Publishing remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Ethical approval acknowledgements

No ethical approval required for this article.

Competing interest

No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.

Supplementary files

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study, and/or contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

References (1)

Astawan, Made. 2009. Panduan Karbohidrat Terlengkap. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka. Alegantina S dan D Mutiatikum. 2009. Pengembangan dan Potensi Pala (Myristica fragrans). Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia. 1(2): 64-70.

Bandur, Agustinus, 2016. Penelitian Kualitatif-Metodologi, Desain dan Teknik Analisis Data dengan Nvivo 11 Plus. Edisi Pertama. Jakarta : Mitra Wacana Media. Basu Swasta dan Irawan ..., h. 87.

Bazeley, P., & Jackson, K. (2013). Qualitative Data Analysis with NVIVO. Singapura : SAGE Publications Asia-Pasific Pte Ltd 3 Church Street.

Bustaman, S. 2007. Prospek dan strategi pengembangan pala di Maluku. Perspektif: Review Penelitian Tanaman Industri Chambers, Robert.1995. Pembangunan Desa Mulai dari Belakang.Yogyakarta : LP3ES (Lembaga Penelitian, Pendidikan dan Penerangan Ekonomi dan Sosial)

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design (Fourth). University of Nebraska. Djumadil Nurdiyanawati dan Yunus Syafie, 2019. Analisis Prospek Dan Kendala Pengembangan Produk Industri Berbahan Baku Daging Buah Pala Di Kota Ternate. Jurnal TECHNO: Vol. 08 ( 02) Oktober 2019.

Edi Suharto, Membangun Masyarakat Memberdayakan Rakyat, (Bandung: Refika Aditama, 2010), hal. 57-58.

Effendy Rustam, Marketing Manajemen,Malang: Penerbit Institut Ekonomi dan Manajemen, 2001, h.109.

George, M. J. (2015). The Status of Food Industry and Associated Socio-Economic Implications in Lesotho: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Science Policy & Governance.

Kusumaningrum, M., Kusrahayu, S. Mulyani. 2013. Pengaruh Berbagai Filler (Bahan Pengisi) Terhadap Kadar Air, Rendemen Dan Sifat Organoleptik (Warna) Chicken Nugget (The Effect Of Various Filler On The Water Content, Rendemens And Color Of Chicken Nuggets). Animal Agriculture Journal Vol. 2, No. 1 (370-376).

Miles,M.B, Huberman,A.M, dan Saldana,J. 2014.Qualitative Data Analysis, A Methods Sourcebook,Edition 3. USA: Sage Publications. Terjemahan Tjetjep Rohindi Rohidi, UI-Press.

Moleong, Lexy J. 2007. Metodelogi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Muhammad Munawir dan AM. Neka, 2019. The Prospect of Nutmeg (Myristica Fragrans Houut) Organic Development (A Case Study in Ngidiho Village Distric of West Galela, North Halmahera Regency). Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1364 (1), 012016

Nurhadi. Z. F. 2017. Teori Komunikasi Kontemporer. Kencana Prenada Media Group. Jakarta. Nurdjannah,N.,2007. Teknologi Pengolahan Pala. http://ejournal.balai.pengembangan.pertanian/index.php. diakses pada 12 november 2015).

Philip Kotler dan Gary Amstrong, Prinsip-Prinsip Pemasaran. Edisi a, Jakarta Erlangga, 2001 h. 69.

Rismunandar, 1990. Budidaya dan Tataniaga Pala. PT Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. Cetakan kedua.

Rogers, Everett M. 1983. Diffusion of Innovation. New York: The Free Press, A Division of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.

Rogers, Everett M., Shoemaker, F. Floy. 1971. Communication of Innovation. Second Edition: The Free Press. A Division of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.

Sarlito W Sarwono. 2010. Pengantar Psikologi Umum. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers

Silaen, Sofar, dan Widiyono. 2013. Metodologi Penelitian Sosial Untuk Penulisan Skripsi dan Tesis.IN MEDIA. Jakarta.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D (23rd ed.). Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mixed Methods). Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sugiyono, 2019. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung. Afabeta.

Bibliographic Information

Verify authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article as:

Anggraini, P.A., Sugiyanto, S., & Cahyono, E.D., 2022. Model empowerment of nutmeg farmers through the diffusion process of innovation diversification of nutmeg commodity (Myristica fragrans Houtt) in Ternate City (Case study in Ngade and Marikurubu Villages). Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 15(2): 341-349.
  • Submitted
    25 September 2022
  • Revised
    15 January 2023
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    1 October 2022
  • Issue date
    30 October 2022


Putri  Ayu Anggraini

PutriAyuAnggraini, Program Studi Sosiologi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya. Malang, Indonesia.

Sugiyanto  Sugiyanto

SugiyantoSugiyanto, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

Edi  Dwi Cahyono

EdiDwiCahyono, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

View full text

Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.