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Vol 16 No 1 (2023)

Volume 16 Issue 1, May 2023

Credit cover issue image by: Umar Tangke/UMMU Ternate

Table of Contents (6 articles)

Research Article | Open Access
This research aims to explain the effectiveness of Adaptation of Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDesa) in the Covid-19 Pandemic era in Bulukumba Regency. This research uses qualitative research methods. The results showed that during the Covid-19 Pandemic in carrying out social adaptation to the community was driven by three main actors played by the Regency Government, Village Government and Village-Owned Enterprises Management. the three main actors collaborate with each other to create prosperity for the Village community through Village-Owned Enterprises by means of the Regency Government as a Policy Maker for the Implementation of Health Protocols, which then the Village Government and the elements in it together with the Village-Owned Enterprises Management follow up on decisions from the Regency Government which are adjusted in the form of each rule in each Business Unit decided at the Village Consultative Meeting. Aspects that influence during the Covid-19 Pandemic related to adaptation carried out by the Village-Owned Enterprises Management from the Social aspect, namely the provision of assistance to the community which is limited due to decreased revenue at the Village-Owned Enterprises. Then from the Economic aspect, namely the decline in revenue of the Village-Owned Enterprises during the Covid-19 Pandemic and from the Health aspect, namely the implementation of public health protocols that have not fully run to the maximum.
Research Article | Open Access
Community livelihood shifts in the face of mangrove debt destruction, in Salemba village, Ujung Loe district, Bulukumba regency. Resulting in damage to residents' ponds and a shift in livelihoods, social and environmental problems become the main thing as a result of logging. This research uses qualitative methods with descriptive analysis including data collection, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. Data collection was carried out using observation, interview and documentation techniques. The results of this study indicate that the logging of mangrove debt greatly changes the order of society that used to be the social function of mangrove debt goes well and also the absence of mangrove reforestation efforts.
Research Article | Open Access
Household worse economic such as kopra down price, lack of household economic due to increasing of household necessary and high up life demand encouraged the women became brokers of holticultura commodity (fruits and vegetable) in West Halmahera district in order to support the family economy. The riset aimed to recognize woman role in increasing domestic economy and analysis contribution of women’s income. The sample are 25 women broker’s or dibo-dibo of horticultural commodity in East Sahu and Jailolo district West Halmahera Regency. The schedule was carried out from March to April 2022. The approach method was descriptive quantitative. The final results were that the role in increasing household economics was (1.) The women’s role in reproductive activities is role as housewives. (2.) Productive activities, that is, work to earn a living as a retailer of holticultura products (fruits and vegetables). The second objective shows that the contribution of women’s income ranges from 60% to 70% and is considered a high category. Based on the result of this research, it is suggested that women encourage participation in development programmes and increase women’s knowledge and skills to achieve a greater result and can increase their income and also be beneficial to household welfare.
Research Article | Open Access
Gender equality constructed through the culture of the Kajang Tribe in Bulukumba is very interesting to watch because, generally, in other societies it is hierarchical (patriarchal). Culture provides a large space for women's involvement in the Andingingi Ritual. The implementation is always coupled with the Bulukumba cultural festival which is attended by various groups and tourists. This study aims to determine the process of externalization, objectification and internalization of women in the Andingingi Ritual. This research was carried out using a qualitative approach with the case study method. Data collection was carried out using observation, interviews, and documentation techniques. Data analysis techniques are carried out by reducing data, presenting data and drawing conclusions. The research informants consisted of traditional leaders (Ammatoa), traditional stakeholders (Galla), the Kajang community and the village government. The results of this study indicate that the externalization of women's roles in the Andingingi ritual process, including A'runding (ritual preparation meetings), Appalenteng Ere (moving holy water to the ritual location), Drinking Tuak (drinking blessings), Abbebese (sprinking holy water around the four corners cardinal points), Bacca Or Mabarra' (gluing Bacca to the forehead and neck), Allabiang Dedde (gathering all the produce of the garden to be blessed by Ammatoa) and giving pap Pasang. Its objectivity can be seen from the habits that have been institutionalised by society. Women are starting to pay attention to feedback from the activities they carry out based on the results of their social interactions, for example the role played by women during ritual preparation to completion. Although internalisation can be seen from the acceptance of social values contained in each ritual activity, including the value of Gotong Royong, Mutual help, Solidarity, and Communicative values.
Research Article | Open Access
East Kalimantan is a province with one of the longest coastlines in Indonesia. For this gift, this paper tries to discuss the volume of income from the dry fish business cluster managed by households in Bontang Kuala. The method designed to process data was supported by a questionnaire that invited fish sellers in Bontang Kuala. The sample is limited and only focuses on involving 18 key informants because they are considered to meet the criteria, have broad insight about the proposed questionnaire, and are experienced. To support this, notebooks, recording devices, and questionnaire guides are needed that contain question items. Using two approaches, i.e. the identification of net income and gross income, this work presents two important points. First, the average net income reaches IDR 4,033,004 per month with an average cost of capital of IDR 1,689,218 per month. Second, the average gross income is IDR 5,722,222 per month which is obtained from the average price of dried fish IDR 37,279 per pcs and the quantity of products sold reaches an average of 155 pcs per month. Thus, a series of analyzes that function to prove or assess the level of income is simple and becomes an alternative that can be implemented by traders. Through the channel of the projection stage, it will provide knowledge and insight about the outcomes, implications, and limitations of the papers discussed in the future.
Research Article | Open Access
Makassar City, as a marketing centre for ornamental fish in South Sulawesi, of course, has aquaculture products, especially freshwater ornamental fish, which, apart from being produced by the people in Makassar City themselves. In addition, freshwater ornamental fish are also supplied from several regions and islands in South Sulawesi, as well as outside the province of South Sulawesi. Based on this, a marketing chain and marketing strategy are needed, which are required by MSMEs, especially Ornamental Fish Businesses in Makassar City. The research method used is a case study with data collection techniques, namely surveys, to investigate various phenomena. The population in this study were freshwater ornamental fish traders in Makassar City, with a sample of 20 people, both key informants and additional informants. The study results show that the ornamental fish marketing chain system in Makassar City can start from producers/cultivators to collectors and then to diluents, and finally to consumers. The marketing strategy for ornamental fish in Makassar is seen from the marketing chain combined with the application of technology by utilizing social media in the marketing process and traditional marketing.