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Volume 10, Issue 1, May 2017, Pages 27-33 | Cite as
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Status Terumbu Karang Dan Ikan Karang Di Perairan Sidodadi Dan Pulau Tegal Provinsi Lampung

1
, Indonesia.
Corresponding Author
https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.10.1.27-33
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat status terumbu karang dan ikan karang di periaran sidodadi dan tegal provinsi lampung. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan mei sampai juli tahun 2010 di 6 stasiun. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metoda sensus visual dan line intersep transek (transek garis). Jumlah ikan yang ditemukan sebanyak 684 ekor yang mewakili 14 suku, yaitu; Pomacentridae (10 jenis), Pomachantidae (3 jenis), Caesio (1 jenis), Scaridae (3 jenis), Labridae (8 jenis), Apongidae (6 jenis), Chaetodontidae (3 jenis), Chelmon (1 jenis), Serranidae (2 jenis), Siganidae (2 jenis), Lutjanidae (1 jenis) Acanhuridae (5 jenis) dan Haemulidae (2 jenis). Naik turunnya indeks keanekaragaman, keragaman dan dominansi dapat menjadi indikator kualitas terumbu karang dan famili Chaetodontidae paling baik digunakan sebagai idikator. Keanekaragaman (H-) berkisar antara 0.28-1.38 dan persentase tutupan karang hidup antara 47,94% sampai 67,14%. Status terumbu karang secara umum dalam kondisi baik, namun kegiatan antropogeik pada beberapa lokasi akan mempercepat degradasi terumbu karang, terutama tanpa adanya pengawasan. Rusaknya kondisi lingkungan tersebut menyebabkan persentase atau kehadiran ikan-ikan karang yang ditemukan di lokasi penelitian lebih sedikit dibandingkan dengan lokasi-lokasi lainnya di Indonesia.

Keywords

Sidodadi, Tegal, Terumbu Karang, Ikan Karang
These keywords were added by the authors and not by machine. This process is static and keywords cannot be updated except using algorithms or other reasons.

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Funding Information

UMMU

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This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons International License URL (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

References

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Adrim M, Hutomo M, Suharti S R. 1991. Chaetodontid fish community Structure and Its Relation to Reef Degradation at the Seribu Islans Reefs, Indonesia. Proceedings of the Regional Symposium on Living Resources in Coastal Areas. Phillipine.

FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. 1999a .The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 3. In : CARPENTER, K. E. & V. H.NIEM (eds.). Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). Rome: 1540-2068.

FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. 1999b. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. In : CARPENTER, K. E. & V. H.NIEM (eds.). Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome: 2069-2790.

FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. 2001a. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. In : CARPENTER, K. E. & V. H.NIEM (eds.). Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). FAO, Rome: 2791-3380.

FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. 2001b. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 6. In : CARPENTER, K. E. & V. H.NIEM (eds.). Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae, estuarine crocodiles, sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals). FAO, Rome: 3381- 4218.


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Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Titaheluw, S.S., 2017. Status Terumbu Karang Dan Ikan Karang Di Perairan Sidodadi Dan Pulau Tegal Provinsi Lampung. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 10(1): 27-33. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.10.1.27-33
  • Revised

    Not available

  • Accepted

    Not available

  • Published

    14 May 2017

  • DOI

    https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.10.1.27-33

  • Publisher Name

    Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna

  • Print ISSN

    1979-6072

  • Online ISSN

    2621-0193

Subject

  • Sidodadi, Tegal, Terumbu Karang, Ikan Karang
  • These keywords were added by the authors and not by machine. This process is static and keywords cannot be updated except using algorithms or other reasons.

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