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Karakterisasi Ekonomi Pesisir Kabupaten Sidoarjo Berbasis Pengkayaan Keragaman Mangrove

1
Universitas Brawijaya Malang, Indonesia.
Corresponding Author
https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.11.1.13-18
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Abstract

Pesisir Kabupaten Sidoarjo masih banyak ditumbuhi tanaman mangrove, keragamannya harus dipertahankan. Di sisi lain, upaya pemberdayaan wanita sebagai instrumen sumberdaya manusia sangat penting dalam pemanfaatan sekaligus pelestarian tanaman mangrove. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengamati dan mendeskripsikan jenis tanaman mangrove yang banyak ditemukan di pesisir Kabupaten Sidoarjo; sekaligus menyusun bentuk pemanfaatan mangrove melalui program pemberdayaan wanita pesisir.  Penelitian bersifat deskriptif, dimana  peneliti menggunakan metode sederhana secara bertahap; dimulai dari survey terestris, melakukan pencatatan langsung, wawancara dengan pemangku kepentingan setempat, pemetaan hingga men-simulasi kepadatan beberapa jenis tanaman mangrove yang populasinya dianggap banyak sehingga layak untuk sumber ekonomi. Jangka waktu pengamatan dilakukan sejak tahun 2011 hingga 2015. Survey dilakukan secara periodik, sekali setiap 6 bulan. Wilayah yang diamati adalah kecamatan Sedati, Buduran, Sidoarjo Kota, Candi, Tanggulangin dan Porong, di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis tanaman yang paling banyak ditemukan adalah family rhizoporaceae, avicenniaceae, sonneratiaceae, excocariaceae, dan meliaceae (xylocarphus dan nypha). Semua jenis tanaman tersebut pada dasarnya dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber ekonomi; namun masih belum diwujudkan secara sungguh-sungguh. Terdapat kesalahan persepsi yang seringkali berakibat perilaku masyarakat dalam memanfaatkan mangrove justru menjadi destruktif dengan memanfaatkan kayunya. Padahal, industrialisasi tanaman mangrove tidak diutamakan untuk diambil kayunya melainkan daun, bunga, kulit, getah dan buah atau hipokotilnya. Selain itu, jenis mangrove lainnya yang tidak dominan harus dilakukan pengkayaan keragaman dengan tujuan sebagai sumber ekonomi baru. Terdapat pula potensi peningkatan pendapatan 3 - 5 juta rupiah per kepala keluarga per bulan yang belum tergarap melalui pengembangan pola kemitraan dengan industri makanan, minuman, kosmetika dan farmasi.

Keywords

Karakterisasi Mangrove Pesisir Sidoarjo Industrialisasi
These keywords were added by the authors and not by machine. This process is static and keywords cannot be updated except using algorithms or other reasons.

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Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Istiqomah, T., 2018. Karakterisasi Ekonomi Pesisir Kabupaten Sidoarjo Berbasis Pengkayaan Keragaman Mangrove. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 11(1): 13-18. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.11.1.13-18
  • Revised

    Not available

  • Accepted

    Not available

  • Published

    31 July 2018

  • DOI

    https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.11.1.13-18

  • Publisher Name

    Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna

  • Print ISSN

    1979-6072

  • Online ISSN

    2621-0193

  • Discipline(s)

    Perikanan; Sumberdaya Perairan

Subject

  • Karakterisasi
  • Mangrove
  • Pesisir Sidoarjo
  • Industrialisasi
  • These keywords were added by the authors and not by machine. This process is static and keywords cannot be updated except using algorithms or other reasons.

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