Agrikan
Volume 12, Issue 1, May 2019, Pages 43-50 | Cite as
  • Peer-reviewed Article

Dampak Kebijakan “Revolusi Pertanian Malaka” Terhadap Produktivitas Ekonomi Masyarakat Kabupaten Malaka NTT

1
Pascasarjana Universitas Nusa Cendana, Indonesia.
2
Universitas Nusa Cendana, Indonesia.
3
Universitas Nusa Cendana, Indonesia.

Corresponding Author
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Abstract

MKabupaten Malaka merupakan daerah otonomi baru yang dipandang potensial dalam mewujudkan kesejahteraan masyarakat dengan pengembangan sektor pertanian. Kebijakan pemerintah kabupaten Malaka secara khusus difokuskan untuk mendorong pembangunan sektor pertanian secara cepat melalui program Revolusi Pertanian Malaka (RPM). Dampak kebijakan RPM di Kabupaten Malaka belum diketahui. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan dampak kebijakan RPM dan  faktor-faktor yang menghambat pelaksanaan kebijakan RPM dalam mengembangkan produktivitas ekonomi masyarakat Malaka. Jenis dan pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan yaitu penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif sederhana. Penentuan lokasi penelitian berdasarkan kriteria yang menganut azas penentuan lokasi dengan pertimbangan tertentu atau purposive sampling. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Program RPM sejak tahun 2016 terbukti memberikan dampak positif bagi peningkatan produksi pertanian, pendapatan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Dampak lain yaitu peningkatan performa agronomis (padi, jagung, dan bawang merah) yang dapat meningkatkan produktivitas tanaman. Faktor-faktor yang menghambat pelaksanaan kebijakan RPM antara lain faktor internal (pengetahuan, ketrampilan sikap petani dalam menghadapi perubahan yang dibawa oleh program RPM)  dan faktor eksternal (iklim, ketersediaan pupuk, teknologi anjuran tata dan jarak tanam padi, tenaga kerja tanam, inovasi untuk tanam jagung  double track, produksi pertanian bersifat musiman dan daya tahan simpan (bawang merah) pasca panen dan pemasaran.

Keywords

Revolusi Pertanian Malaka, Productivity, Economy
These keywords were added by the authors and not by machine. This process is static and keywords cannot be updated except using algorithms or other reasons.

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Declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Funding Information

UMMU Ternate

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This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons International License URL (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Seran, M.N., Nursalam, N., & Stefanus, K.Y., 2019. Dampak Kebijakan “Revolusi Pertanian Malaka” Terhadap Produktivitas Ekonomi Masyarakat Kabupaten Malaka NTT. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 12(1): 43-50. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.12.1.43-50
  • Manuscript submitted

    8 May 2019

  • Accepted

    Not available

  • Published

    12 May 2019

Subject

  • Revolusi Pertanian Malaka, Productivity, Economy

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