Research article
ANALISIS PROKSIMAT DAN ORGANOLEPTIK KERUPUK DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG TULANG IKAN TUNA (Thunnus sp)

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Abstract

Abstrak. Limbah padat hasil industri pengolahan ikan Tuna (Thunnus sp) menghasilkan jumlah limbah yang sangat melimpah dan belum termanfaatkan dengan baik, padahal salah satu jenis limbahnya yaitu tulang ikan memiliki kandungan gizi proksimat yang tinggi. Tepung tulang ikan Tuna merupakan salah satu pemanfaatan pengolahan limbah tulang ikan yang cocok dijadikan sebagai bahan tambahan pembuatan kerupuk untuk menambah nilai proksimat pada produk. Oleh karena itu, dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui kandungan proksimat dan organoleptik kerupuk dengan penambahan tepung tulang ikan Tuna. Dari penelitian ini, didapatkan hasil pengujian organoleptik (hedonik) tertinggi diraih pada perlakuan penambahan tepung tulang ikan tuna sebanyak 5% yang selanjutnya dilakukan uji proksimat dengan nilai kadar air sebesar 7,89%, kadar abu 23,26%, kadar lemak 5,21%, kadar karbohidrat 58,4% dan kadar protein 5,24%. Sedangkan kerupuk tanpa penambahan tepung tulang ikan Tuna memiliki nilai kadar air sebesar 7,40%, kadar abu 14,06%, kadar lemak 4,21%, kadar karbohidrat 70,86% dan kadar protein 3,47%. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa kandungan proksimat terutama kadar protein, lemak dan mineral pada kerupuk dengan penambahan tepung tulang ikan Tuna lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan kerupuk tanpa penambahan tepung tulang ikan Tuna.

Keywords

Analisis proksimat, organoleptik, kerupuk, tulang ikan tuna, tepung tulang ikan tuna

Funding Information

Politeknik Kelautan dan Perikanan Pangandaran

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Competing interest

No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.

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Cite this article as:

Nusaibah, N.-, 2021. ANALISIS PROKSIMAT DAN ORGANOLEPTIK KERUPUK DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG TULANG IKAN TUNA (Thunnus sp). Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 14(2): 308-315. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.14.2.308-315
  • Submitted
    14 September 2021
  • Revised
    20 March 2022
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    23 September 2021
  • Issue date
    31 October 2021
  • Discipline(s)
    Teknologi Hasil Perikanan, Pengolahan ikan, Pemanfaatan limbah hasil perikanan, Bioteknologi perikanan kelautan, kimia Pangan, Teknologi Pangan

Subject

Nusaibah  - Nusaibah

Nusaibah-Nusaibah, Pengolahan hasil perikanan dan kelautan, Bioteknologi, Bioenergi, Bioprocess. Department Marine Processing Product, Marine and Fisheries Polytechnic of Pangandaran, Jl. Raya Babakan KM 02, Desa Babakan, Kec. Pangandaran, Kab. Pangandaran. 46393, Indonesia. nunus.hokudai@gmail.com, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

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