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Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan

Research article
Viability of Smoked Fish Bussiness in Lingga Regency

Viabilitas Usaha Pengolahan Ikan Tamban Salai di Kabupaten Lingga

Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access

Abstract

Kabupaten Lingga merupakan salah satu wilayah di Provinsi Kepualuan Riau yang memiliki potensi sumberdaya perikanan begitu besar, masyarakat umumnya bermata pencaharian sebagai nelayan dan memanfaatkan hasil tangkapan sebagai sumber kehidupan. Pemanfaatan hasil tangkapan tidak hanya dalam bentuk bahan baku mentah, tetapi dalam bentuk pengolahan yaitu ikan asap, dikalangan masyarakat Kabupaten Lingga lebih dikenal dengan istilah ikan salai. Ikan yang biasa digunakan ialah ikan tembang atau ikan tamban (Sardinella fimbriata). Ikan salai menjadi makanan khas yang wajib dibawa oleh wisatawan ataupun pengunjung lokal ketika bertandang ke Kabupaten Lingga maupun hanya sekadar dijadikan sebagai panganan sehari-hari. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah Menilai viabilitas usaha pengolahan ikan tamban salai,
Rata-rata usaha ikan tamban salai masih dalam skala kecil dengan metode pengasapan sederhana. Penelitian terkait viabilitas finansial usaha pengolahan perikanan masih sangat sedikit dilakukan, terutama pada usaha Ikan Tamban Salai di Kabupaten Lingga.
Rata-rata total pengeluaran pangan pemilik usaha tamban salai sebesar Rp21.450.947 per tahun, non pangan sebesar Rp13.729.263 per tahun, rata-rata total konsumsi sebesar Rp36.561.222 per tahun, sedangkan rata-rata pengeluaran untuk biaya usaha sebesar Rp146.020.193 per tahun. Dalam penelitian ini diperoleh rata-rata pendapatan usaha ikan tamban salai sebesar Rp269.464.018 pertahun Jika dibandingkan antara total pengeluaran dan pendapatan maka dari 19 usaha ikan tamban salai di Kabupaten Lingga dapat dikatakan viabel

Abstract

Lingga Regency is one of the areas in the Riau Archipelago Province which has a very large fishery resource potential, the community generally makes a living as fishermen and utilizes the catch as a source of life. Utilization of the catch is not only in the form of raw raw materials, but in the form of processing, namely smoked fish, among the people of Lingga Regency better known as  ikan salai. The fish commonly used are tembang fish or tamban fish (Sardinella fimbriata).  Ikan Salai  is a typical food that must be brought by tourists or local visitors when visiting Lingga Regency or just as a daily snack. The purpose of this study was to assess the viability of the smoked fish  processing business, The average smoked fish business is still on a small scale with a simple smoking method. There are very few studies related to the financial viability of fishery processing businesses, especially the smoked fish  business in Lingga Regency. The average total expenditure on food for tamban salai business owners  is Rp21.450.947 per year, non-food is Rp13.729.263 per year, the average total consumption is Rp36.561.222 per year, while the average expenditure for operating expenses is Rp. 146,020,193. per year. In this study, the average income of tamban salai fish business was Rp. 269,464,018 per year. When compared between total expenditure and income, from 19 tamban salai fish businesses in Lingga Regency, 19 businesses were viable.

Keywords

Viability
Financial
Processing
Smoked Fish
Sardinella fimbriata
Viability
Financial
Processing
Smoked Fish
Sardinella fimbriata

Funding Information

DRPM skema Penelitian Dosen Pemula dengan nomor kontrak induk 034/SP2H/LT/DRPM/2021 dan kontrak turunan 05/UN53.01.1/Kontrak-PDP/I/2021.

Declarations

License and permission

Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Ethical approval acknowledgements

No ethical approval required for this article.

Competing interest

No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.

Supplementary files

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study, and/or contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.