Full Length Articles
Probiotic aplication for growth and survival rate of vaname shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei with different density

Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the growth and survival of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp with the application of probiotics to different stocking densities.  The study was conducted from May to June 2018 at the Balai Benih Ikan Pantai (BBIP) Ghonebalano, Duruka District, Muna Regency, using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three levels of solid stocking treatment namely treatment A is 18 individu per container, treatment B is 24  individu per container and treatment C is 30  individu per container with three replications.  Data analysis using Variance Analysis (ANOVA) at the confidence level of 95% (α 0.05).  The results showed that the highest daily growth was obtained at 24 individual densities of 5.88% per day, compared to 18 individual densities of 5.86% per day and 30 individual densities of 5.74% per day.  The highest absolute growth is obtained at 24 individual density of 2.43 g per individu, then 18 individual density of 2.15 g per individual, and the lowest at 30 individual density of 2.02 g per individual.  Survival at a density of 18 individual and a density of 24 individual at 88.89%, while a 30-ind density of 86.67%.  Analysis of variance (α 0.05) showed that the application of probiotics to different stocking densities had no significant effect on the daily growth rate of vannamei shrimp (p<0.939), absolute growth of vannamei shrimp (p<0.080), and survival of vannamei shrimp (p<0.744).

Keywords

probiotic
growth
survival rate
different density
vannamei shrimp

Declarations

Funding Information

Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha

Publisher's Note

Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna on behalf of SRM Publishing remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Supplementary files

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study, and/or contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

References

Asnawi & Mukhlis2008. Analisis Ekspor Udang Indonesia: Suatu Pendekatan VECM. In: Prosiding International Conference on Regional Networking 2008. vol. d. Banda Aceh. pp. 27–28.

Boyd C.E., 1982. Water quality management for pond fish culture. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co.

Boyd C.E., 1991. Water Quality and Aeration in Shrimp Farming, Aurbun University, Alabama. Birmingham Publishing Co. Birmingham, Alabama.

BurhanuddinWahyu F., & Suratman 2016. Aplikasi Probiotik Dengan Kosentrasi Yang Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan Udang Vannamei Litopenaeus Vannamei). OCTOPUS Jurnal Ilmu Perikanan. 5(1):462–465.

Effendie M.I., 1979. Metode Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Dewi Sri. Bogor, 112 p.

Effendie M.I.I., 1997. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama. Yogyakarta, 163 p.

Ekasari J., Hanif Azhar M., Surawidjaja E.H., Nuryati S., De Schryver P., & Bossier P., 2014. Immune response and disease resistance of shrimp fed biofloc grown on different carbon sources. Fish and Shellfish Immunology. 41(2):332–339. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2014.09.004.

Elovaara A.K., 2003. Shrimp Farming Manual: Practical Technology for Intensive Shrimp Production. United States of America (USA)., 220 p.

Ernawati E., & Rochmady R., 2017. Effect of fertilization and density on the survival rate and growth of post-larva of shrimp vaname (Litopenaues vannamei). Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil. 1(1):1–10. DOI: 10.29239/j.akuatikisle.1.1.1-10.

Fegan D.F., 2003. Budidaya Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) di Asia. Gold Coin Indonesia Specialities. Jakarta.

Gunarto & Hendrajat E.A., 2008. Budidaya udang vanamei, Litopenaeus vannamei pola semi-Intensif dengan aplikasi beberapa jenis probiotik komersial. Journal Riset Akuakultur. 3(3):339–349. DOI: 10.15578/JRA.3.3.2008.339-349.

Haliman R.W., & Adijaya D., 2005. Udang vannamei, Pembudidayaan dan Prospek Pasar Udang Putih yang Tahan Penyakit. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta, 1-75 p.

Harefa F., 1996. Pembudidayaan Artemia Untuk Pakan Udang dan Ikan. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Herawati V.E., & Hutabarat J., 2015. Analisis pertumbuhan; kelulushidupan dan produksi biomass larva udang vannamei dengan pemberian pakan Artemia sp. produk lokal yang diperkaya Chaetoceros calcitrans dan Skeletonema costatum. Pena Akuatika. 12(1):1–12.

Nengsih E.A., 2015a. Pengaruh aplikasi probiotik terhadap kualitas air dan pertumbuhan udang Litopenaeus vannamei. Jurnal Biosains. 1(1):11–16.

Nengsih E.A., 2015b. Pengaruh aplikasi probiotik terhadap kualitas air dan pertumbuhan udang Litopenaeus vannamei. Jurnal Biosains. 1(1):11–16.

Pandiyan P., Balaraman D., Thirunavukkarasu R., George E.G.J., Subaramaniyan K., Manikkam S., & Sadayappan B., .2013. Probiotics in aquaculture. vol. 5, Drug Invention Today, OMICS International, pp. 55–59.

Partida-Arangure B.O., Luna-González A., Fierro-Coronado J.A., Flores-Miranda C., & González-Ocampo H.A., 2013. Effect of inulin and probiotic bacteria on growth , survival , immune response , and prevalence of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in Litopenaeus vannamei cultured under laboratory conditions. African Journal Of Biotechnology. 12(21):3366–3375. DOI: 10.5897/AJB12.1569.

Purba C.Y., 2012. Performa pertumbuhan, kelulushidupan, dan kandungan nutrisi larva udang vanamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) melalui pemberian pakan artemia produk lokal yang diperkaya dengan sel diatom. Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology. 1(1):102–115.

Qi Z., Zhang X.H., Boon N., & Bossier P., 2009. Probiotics in aquaculture of China - Current state, problems and prospect. Aquaculture. 290(1–2):15–21. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.02.012.

Ratnawati E., 2008. Budidaya udang windu (Penaeus monodon) sistem semi-intensif pada tambak tanah sulfat masam. Media Akuakultur. 3(1):6–10. DOI: 10.15578/ma.3.1.2008.6-10.

Rochmady R., Omar S.B.A., & Tandipayuk L.S., 2016. Density of mudclams Anodontia edentula Linnaeus, 1758 relation to enviromental parameters of Muna regency. In: Simposium Nasional Kelautan dan Perikanan III. pp. 149–159. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3003751. Available: <https://www.ssrn.com/abstract=3003751>.

Saoud I.P., Davis D.A., & Rouse D.B., 2003. Suitability studies of inland well waters for Litopenaeus vannamei culture. Aquaculture. 217(1–4):373–383. DOI: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00418-0.

Supriyono E., Purwanto E., & Utomo N.B.P., 2007. Production of” Tokolan” white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in the cage with different rearing density. Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia. 5(1):57–64.

Susianingsih E., Atmomarsono M., & Kurniawan K., 2016. Aplikasi Probiotik Rica 4, 5, dan 3 pada Budidaya Udang Vaname di Tambak yang diaerasi menggunakan Blower Supercharge. In: Prosiding Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. pp. 263–269.

Suwoyo H.S., & Mangampa M., 2010. Aplikasi probiotik dengan konsentrasi berbeda pada pemeliharaan udang vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei). In: Prosiding Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. pp. 239–247.

Syafaat M.N., Mansyur A., & Tonnek S., 2012. Dinamika kualitas air pada budidaya udang vanname (Litopenaeus vannamei) semi-intensif dengan teknik pergiliran pakan. In: Prosiding Indoaqua-Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. pp. 487–494.

Taqwa F.H., 2008. Pengaruh Penambahan Kalium pada Masa Adaptasi Penurunan Salinitas terhadap Performa Pascalarva Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei). Institut Pertanian Bogor, 84 p.

Taw N., 2008. Shrimp Culture Technologies. China International Training Course on Technology of Marineculture (Precious Fishes). China: Yiamen Municipial Science & Technology Commission. (September):107–113.

Usman A., & Rochmady R., 2017. Growth and survival of post larvae of tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon Fabr.) through the administration of probiotics with different doses. Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil. 1(1):19–26. DOI: 10.29239/j.akuatikisle.1.1.19-26.

Xincai C., & Yongquan S., 2001. Shrimp culture. China International Training Course on Technology of Marineculture (Precious Fishes). China: Yiamen Municipial Science & Technology Commission. :107–113.

Yudiati E., Arifin Z., & Riniatsih I., 2010. Pengaruh aplikasi probiotik terhadap laju sintasan dan pertumbuhan tokolan udang vanamei (Litopeneus vannamei), populasi bakteri vibrio, serta kandungan amoniak dan bahan organik media budidaya. KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences. 15(3):153–158.

Zonneveld N., Huisman E.A., & Boon J.H., 1991. Prinsip-Prinsip Budidaya Ikan. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta, 317 p.

Bibliographic Information

Verify authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article as:

Rakhfid, A., Halida, W.O., Rochmady, R., & Fendi, F., 2018. Probiotic aplication for growth and survival rate of vaname shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei with different density. Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil 2(2): 41-48. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.2.2.41-48
  • Submitted
    1 December 2018
  • Revised
    18 March 2021
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    23 November 2018

Subject

Abdul  Rakhfid

AbdulRakhfid Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha, Jl. Letjend Gatot Subroto Km.7, Lasalepa, Muna, Sulawesi Tenggara 93645, Indonesia. abdul.rakhfid@stipwunaraha.ac.id, orcidOrcid Profile, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

Wa  Ode Halida

WaOdeHalida Inspektorat Kabupaten Muna, Propinsi Sulawesi Tenggara, Jl. Letjend Gatot Subroto Km.7, Lasalepa, Muna, Sulawesi Tenggara 93600 Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha, Jl. Letjend Gatot Subroto Km.7, Lasalepa, Muna, Sulawesi Tenggara 93645, Indonesia. halida@gmail.com

Rochmady  Rochmady

RochmadyRochmady Pusat Studi Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil. Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha. Jl. Letjend Gatot Subroto Km.7 Lasalepa, Raha, Sulawesi Tenggara 93645, Indonesia. rochmady@stipwunaraha.ac.id, orcidOrcid Profile, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

Fendi  Fendi

FendiFendi Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha; Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha, Jl. Letjend Gatot Subroto Km.7, Lasalepa, Muna, Sulawesi Tenggara 93645, Indonesia. fendi@stipwunaraha.ac.id, orcidOrcid Profile, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

View full text