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Effect of fertilization and density on the survival rate and growth of post-larva of shrimp vaname (Litopenaues vannamei)

Pengaruh pemupukan dan padat penebaran terhadap tingkat kelangsungan hidup dan pertumbuhan post larva udang vaname (Litopenaues vannamei)

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to know the effect of fertilization and density on survival rate and the absolute growth of post-larvae of shrimp vanname (Litopenaeus vannamei). The study was conducted from 18 August to 5 September 2013 at Oensuli ponds, Kabangka, Muna Regency, Indonesia. The research used animal test of vaname shrimp stadium PL6, a fertilizer of Urea and TSP. The study used styrofoam container, 75 cm long, 37 cm wide, and 27 cm high. Research using Factorial RAL, fertilization and density used three levels, three replications, so that the experiment of 27 units. The fertilizer treatment consisted of no-fertilizer (Control), combination Urea 0.5 g/TSP 0.7 g (P2), combination Urea 0.7 g/TSP 0.9 g (P3). The density treatment consists of density 9 ind/container (Control), density 14 ind/container (KP2) and density 19 ind/container (KP3). Parameters observed survival rate (SR) and absolute growth (G). Data analysis using ANOVA (a0,05) with IBM SPSS Statistic 22. The results showed that fertilization and stocking density had a significant effect on survival and post larvae growth of vaname shrimp. The optimum use of 0.7 g/TSP 0.9 g urea per container. The optimum fertilizer composition of growth was Urea 0.5 g/TSP 0.7 g per container. The best survival rate through a combination of Urea 0.7 g/TSP 0.9 g, density 9 ind per container, equivalent Urea 26 kg/TSP 33 kg density 333.000 ind per ha. The best growth through a combination of Urea 0.5 g/TSP 0.7 g, density 9 ind per container or Urea 19 kg/TSP 26 kg, density 333.000 ind per ha.

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemupukan dan kepadatan terhadap tingkat kelangsungan hidup dan pertumbuhan mutlak post-larva udang vanname (Litopenaeus vannamei). Penelitian dilaksanakan 18 Agustus sampai 5 September 2013 di pertambakan Oensuli, Kecamatan Kabangka, Kabupaten Muna. Penelitian menggunakan hewan uji udang vaname stadia PL6, pupuk Urea dan TSP. Penelitian menggunakan wadah styrofoam, panjang 75 cm, lebar 37 cm, dan tinggi 27 cm. Penelitian menggunakan RAL Faktorial, yakni pemupukan dan kepadatan tiga taraf, tiga ulangan, sehingga percobaan sebanyak 27 unit. Perlakuan pemupukan terdiri atas tanpa pupuk (Kontrol), kombinasi Urea 0,5 g/TSP 0,7 g (P2), kombinasi Urea 0,7 g/TSP 0,9 g (P3). Perlakuan kepadatan terdiri atas kepadatan 9 ind/wadah (kontrol), kepadatan 14 ind/wadah (KP2) dan kepadatan 19 ind/wadah (KP3). Parameter yang diamati tingkat kelangsungan hidup (SR) dan pertumbuhan mutlak (G). Analisis data menggunakan ANOVA (a0,05) dengan IBM SPSS Statistik 22. Hasil analisis menunjukkan pemupukan dan kepadatan tebar berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap kelangsungan hidup dan pertumbuhan post larva udang vaname. Penggunaan pupuk optimum terhadap tingkat kelangsungan hidup adalah kombinasi Urea 0,7 g/TSP 0,9 g per wadah. Komposisi pupuk optimum terhadap pertumbuhan adalah Urea 0,5 g/TSP 0,7 g per wadah. Tingkat kelangsungan hidup terbaik melalui kombinasi Urea 0.7 g/TSP 0.9 g, kepadatan 9 ind per wadah, setara Urea 26 kg/TSP 33 kg kepadatan 333.000 ind per ha. Pertumbuhan terbaik melalui  kombinasi Urea 0,5 g/TSP 0.7 g, kepadatan 9 ind per wadah atau Urea 19 kg/TSP 26 kg, kepadatan 333.000 ind per ha.

Keywords

Fitoplankton
Litopenaeus vannamei
Pertumbuhan
TSP
Urea
Fitoplankton
Litopenaeus vannamei
Pertumbuhan
TSP
Urea

Declarations

Funding Information

Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha

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Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna on behalf of SRM Publishing remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Supplementary files

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study, and/or contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Ernawati, E., & Rochmady, R., 2017. Effect of fertilization and density on the survival rate and growth of post-larva of shrimp vaname (Litopenaues vannamei). Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil 1(1): 1-10. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.1.1.1-10
  • Submitted
    3 December 2017
  • Revised
    16 March 2021
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    27 May 2017
  • Discipline(s)
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Ernawati  Ernawati

ErnawatiErnawati Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha, Sulawesi Tenggara 93600, Indonesia. ernawati@stipwunaraha.ac.id

Rochmady  Rochmady

RochmadyRochmady Senior Lecturer in Wuna Agricultural Science University, Raha, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. I'm founder and head office of Study Center of Coastal and Isle (SCofCI) Indonesian. Rochmady gained his bachelor in 2006 in the field of biology studies of Aphareus rutilans Cuvier red snapper fisheries. Masters education with an M.Sc degree was obtained in 2011 in the field of aquatic bioecology of mud clams organisms (Anodontia edentula Linn), from the Faculty of Marine and Fisheries Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia. Expertise: Mangrove Ecology, Aquatic Resources Bioecology, Fisheries Biology, Fish Population Dynamics. Since 2009 active in various scientific activities both as participants and as speakers both at National and International Seminars. Among them, the activity of the Annual Scientific Meeting (PIT) of the Association of Indonesian Oceanology (ISOI) in 2011. Involved as a training participant in the Accredited National Scientific Article organized by the Ministry of Research and Higher Education in 2014. In 2014 the Internal Quality Assurance Workshop was held by the Director-General Berlamawa, Ristekdikti, and various other activities. Bidang Keahlian: Ekologi Mangrove, Bioekologi, Biologi Perikanan, Dinamika Populasi Ikan Scopus Profile - Sinta Profile - ResearchGate. Pusat Studi Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna Raha, Sulawesi Tenggara 93654, Indonesia. rochmady@stipwunaraha.ac.id, orcidOrcid Profile, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

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